Nature is largest tourist information system of Sri Lanka presents beauty and nature of Sri Lanak. Sri Lanka is beautiful country and it’s nature consist of very much beauties.Wild Life of Sri Lanka information, National Parks such as Hakgala and Peradeniya, Safari’s of Sri Lanka such as Yala national Park and Willpatthuwa park, Waterfalls such as Duhinda Diyaluma Bambarakanda, Tea Estates such as Bogawanthalawa Labukele Demodara Nuwaraeliya Deniyaya, Hiking Tours such as Welimada Nuwaraeliya Knukles Kirigalpottha totupola, Bird Sanctuaries such as Sinharaja Bundala Yala Kumana, Peaks such as Piduruthalagala Namunukula, Sinharaja forest reserve, Upcountry Railway tours in badulla bandarawela Ella, Tunnels such as Streepura 18th tunnel and residential places .
Horton plain is a highest plane of Sri Lanka. That place has highest gap called “Worlds end” and very beautiful waterfall called “Bakers Waterfall”. Border of Badulla and Nuwaraeliya Districts several places to vist. Very much cooler and comfortable villages available in Sri Lanka such as Shanthipura, Ohiya, Haputale, Pattipola and Ambewela . Ambewela also hill country cool village and Milko milk powder factory and Ambewela New Zealand farm is situated in there.
Several waterfalls and mountains are available in Badulla, Nuwaraeliya and Rathnapura districts. Highest mountain of Sri Lanka is “Piduruthalagala” mountain. 2nd and 3rd are Kirigalpottha and Totupala.
The Climatic division of the island
Despite the small size of the island, the presence of a mountainous core & two monsoons create two sharply defined climatic zones: the larger, dry mainly northern & eastern region, & the smaller wet, south-western region.
The Tropical Beaches
Tropical beaches: Among the finest in the world, Unawatuna Bay Beach (in the top ten beaches of the world), Bentota Bay Beach Resort (prime beach resort in the island), Tangalla Bay Beach, Mirissa Bay Beach, Weligama Bay Beach. Famous for
Scuba diving, PADI license, Snorkeling, Water Skiing, Wind Surfing, Sea Kayaking, Fishing, Deep Sea Fishing, Water Sports.
Sri Lanka is a major nesting site of the marine turtles. Of the seven species of marine turtle in the world, five return to lay their eggs in the natal beaches of the Sri Lanka. Hatcheries are located in the south western coast. All are listed by the World Conservation Union (IUCN) as either threatened or endangered. The most famous beaches for turtles are Rekawa Beach, Induruwa Beach, Koggala Beach & Kosgoda.
Classical bio-geographic theory predicts that small islands do not have large animals. Sri Lanka defies that theory too. The largest terrestrial mammal, the elephant, roams the wilderness in Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka boasts of one of the world’s largest populations of wild elephants as well as captive elephants in the world.
Uda Walawe National Park, Ruhuna Yala National Park, Wasgomuwa National Park, Minneriya National Park, Kaudulla National Park.
The world’s first sanctuary for lost & abandoned elephants
Pinnawela Elephant Orphanage.
For one small island Sri Lanka packs an enormous variety of wildlife. This is largely because of in that small space there is a wide range in altitude. The Central Highlands rise to over 2,500m with damp evergreen forests, cool uplands & high rainfall. Within 100km there are dry coastal plains & sandy beaches.
Mammals: 86 mammal species. 14 of which are endemic. The pride of place goes to elephant.
Reptiles: large reptiles & 83 species of snakes, five of them poisonous.
National Parks & Reserves of Sri Lanka
13% of the land mass of the island belongs to protected areas ranging from National Parks, Nature reserves & Strict Nature Reserves.
The Frog capital
It is believed that as many as 200 new species of tree frogs are awaiting scientific description. Sri Lanka could surpass countries like Costa Rica in the number of tree frog species, making it the frog capital of the world. This is a result of Sri Lanka being a Waterworld: Ancient Sinhalese irrigation & Modern irrigation Projects of Sri Lanka.
To the naturalist, Sri Lanka offers a tantalizing array of interesting & unique butterfly forms. 244 species of butterflies occur in Sri Lanka, of which 42 are endemic to the island. Their habitats range from the hottest areas in the arid zones to the coolest areas in the forested hills. Most species are closely associated with medicinal plants which are used by the butterfly larvae as sources of food. Some butterflies can be seen all year round while others are seasonal. In size, they range from the large, aptly named Bird-wing butterfly to the tiny, just as aptly named, Grass Jewel. The highest numbers of species of butterflies occur in the foothills up to 3000 feet elevation. About half a dozen species occur above 4000 feet. Twenty species are strictly confined to the dry zone below 500 feet. There are two major seasons in which the butterfly numbers peak. These correspond to the onset of the south-west monsoon in March-April and the north-east monsoon in September-October. The eleven butterfly families found in Sri Lanka are Danaidae, Satyridae, Amathusiidae, Nymphalidae, Acraeidea, Libytheidae, Riodinidae, Lycaenidae, Pieridae, Papilionidae and Hesperiidae
A spectacular scene is the seasonal migration during March & April when the fly all the way up to the Samanala Kanda (meaning Butterfly Mountain in Sinhalese) (Adam’s Peak)
Sri Lanka, in comparison to its size, has a large number of waterfalls: the island has been blessed with 400 waterfalls. Three of Sri Lanka’s waterfalls are listed among the highest waterfalls in the world ranking 48th, 58th & 62nd. These are Bambarakanda Falls (263 m), Diyaluma Falls (220 m) & Kurundu Oya Falls (206m) respectively. Lakshapana Falls is the main hydroelectricity power supplier to the island. The abundance of waterfalls in the country is attributed to the geology of the island & rocky precipices combined with the quantum of rainfall in the hill country. These waterfalls are in full bloom during the monsoon rain periods of the tropical island.
Coconut palms (Cocos nucifer), Kitul or Sago or fish-tail palm (Caryota urens), rain tree (Samanea saman), eucalyptus or gum tree (Eucalyptus grandis), Bamboo (Bambusa), banyan (Ficus benghalensis), peepal (Ficus religiosa)
Golden mohur (Delonix regia), jacaranda (jacaranda mimosaefolia), tamarind (Tamarindus indica), sil cotton tree (Bombax ceiba), Ceylon ironweed (Mesua ferrea), rhododendron (Rhododendron Zeylancium)
Mango (mangifera indica), jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus), bana plant (Musa), papaya (Carica papaya), cashew nut (Anacardium occidentale), avocado pear (Persea)
Frangipani (Plumeria rubra), Bougainvillea, hibiscus, Orchids, Dendrobium macarthiae, Vandal tessellate
Ayurveda Medical treatments in Sri Lanka